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主题:
  形容词作状语
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Worried about the journey, I was unsettled for the first few days.

老师您好!请您给分析一下句子成分,我认为Worried about可以改成Worrying about ,这叫现在分词作原因状语,对吗?

后来一想是不是这里Worried about是不是形容词作状语?若是,那老师请您把形容词作状语的情况给我总结一下,好吗?谢谢您!

 
提交人:
呼和浩特陈炳奇
时间:
6/6/2016 7:1:26
主题:
  形容词作状语
内容:
  

同学你好,首先,我们先分析一下这个句子:
Worried about the journey, I was unsettled for the first few days.

I was unsettled是主系表结构,for the first few days 是时间状语。Worried about the journey是原因状语,相当于Because I was worried about the journey.Worried about...是过去分词或者说是由过去分词发展而来的形容词作状语,不能用worrying about替换,为什么呢?

worry作动词,表示“使(某人)担心,使(某人)忧虑”,如:
1. He played computer games all the Sunday, which worried his parents.
  他整个周日都玩电脑游戏,这让他父母亲很担心。
2. —Why didn't you tell me? 你为什么没有告诉我?
—I didn't want to worry you. 我不想让你担心。
从上面句子可以看出,动词worry与人(you)是动宾关系,也就是被动关系,如果人作主语,就应该是被动语态了。即:
I am worried... 我感觉担心。
所以,be worried表示人的感觉,而句1中可以看出事情与worry是主动关系,所以worrying一般指事物性质,如:
It's worrying that they're doing things without training.(it指代后面的that从句)
I'm worried about that. 我对这个事情很担心。

现在再回到你的那个句子上:
Because I was worried about the journey,I was unsettled for the first few days.
因为主从句的主语一样,从句的谓语是be动词,可以省略掉,就变成了:
Worried about the journey, I was unsettled for the first few days.
所以,worried不能用worrying代替。
类似的动词:excite,surprise,amaze,frighten,puzzle等
这些动词的-ing形式表示事物性质,-ed形式表示人的感觉。

形容词作状语:
作状语的形容词或短语在句中主要用来补充说明句子中的主语、宾语、谓语或整个句子的内容,表示时间、原因、让步、结果、伴随状态或方式状语等。
1. 作时间状语
Ripe, these apples are sweet. 熟了的时候这些苹果很甜。
此句相当于:When these apples are ripe, they are sweet.
2.作原因状语
Weary and discouraged, I didn’t seem able to do anything right.
由于疲惫和失望,我似乎什么都干不好。
此句相当于:Because I was weary and discouraged, I didn’t seem able to do anything right.
3.作让步状语
Large or small, all countries are equal. 不论大小,所有国家都是平等的。
此句相当于:Whether they are large or small, all countries are equal.
4. 作结果状语
He sat down beside Christina, propping his feet up on the railing, feeling the warmth of the sun against his face, able to relax for the first time in days.
他在克里斯蒂安娜旁边坐下,把脚搁在栏杆上,感觉到温暖的阳光照在脸上,数十天来终于头一次能放松一下了。
此句相当于:He sat down beside Christina, propping his feet up on the railing, feeling the warmth of the sun against his face, and as a result he was able to relax for the first time in days.
5.作伴随性状语
They started the experiment, hopeful for success. 他们开始做实验,相信一定会成功。
此句相当于:They started the experiment and they were hopeful for success.
6.作方式状语
The horses are running wild all over the field. 这些马正在原野上狂奔。
此句相当于:The horses are running fast all over the field as if they are wild.

 
提交人:
新阁老师
时间:
6/6/2016 8:35:57